There are four bad road conditions any new driver should be aware of: Rain, Snow, Fog, and Smoke.
As soon as it begins to rain, adjust your speed, disengage cruise control (if engaged) and increase your following distance to match the road conditions.
Recognize that you are driving under poor conditions and adjust your driving behavior accordingly. Many drivers will not adjust their driving in hazardous conditions.
Snow and Ice
Be cautious — you never know if there is a sheet of ice underneath the snow.
Drive in the tire tracks of other vehicles as there will be more traction in these areas.
Be careful when changing lanes. The area between lanes may have a buildup of crunchy ice, which should be avoided. If you must change lanes, do so gradually while holding the steering wheel firmly.
All snow is different, so testing is necessary. When you first get on the road, test your brakes to gauge how they react to the conditions.
Turn off your high beams and turn on your fog lights (if available). Your high beams will reflect off the fog and bounce back into your eyes.
Slow down and increase your following distance.
Since your vision is obscured, use your ears. Turn off the radio and roll down your windows and listen for vehicles braking, spinning out or crashing.
Stay in the far right lane and limit passing.
Slow down and assess the situation.
Close all windows and vents.
Turn on your headlights.
Watch out for emergency vehicles and personnel.